Painting Mediums


I find that I achieve the best results when using good quality materials. I favour the use of heavy, 140lb papers, Bockingford, Waterford and Arches, either in single sheets or in pads. These can be used straight from the pad or stretched on a wooden board. I use both student or artist quality paints in both tubes and in pans, favouring tube paints in a palette when at home and pan paints, in a small travelling set, when painting outdoors. The limited pallet of 6 to 11 colours enables me to mix all shades that I require. The basic palette of 6 colours being,

Raw Sienna
Yellow Ochre
Light red
Alizarin Crimson
Prussian Blue

Cadmium Yellow
Cadmium Red
Burnt Sienna
Burnt Umber
Hookers Green dark

The last five I find of more use when painting brighter coloured subjects. Brushes, I use only 4, a No1 rigger, No1 & No5 Sable round brushes and a Ύ” flat brush. I feel that these give me the best results though brushes are always a personal choice.

Line Drawing

Standard sketch pads and HB pencils are the stock in trade here. Adding perhaps 1H or2H and 1B or 2B pencils for fine lines and blocking in respectively. For pens I generally favour those by the Rotring Company with water fast inks which enable me to wash watercolour over them if necessary. Sizes vary but commonly I use .2, .4, .8 and 1 thickness pens.

Oil Paints

As an advocate of the "Bob Ross Wet-on-Wet ® technique I use double primed stretched canvasses mainly of the 24” x 18” size or 20” x 16” used portrait or landscape. These are prepared with Gesso’s which can enable some fantastic effects to be achieved. The large sizes of brush used can sometimes be quite daunting, but I have found them excellent in use. From the little old 2" brush down to the delicate script liner all of the "Bob Ross"® brushes are especially manufactured for the "Wet-on-Wet"® Technique and paints. I avoid canvas boards as they tend to soak up the mediums used and can spoil the effect required.

The colours available to me, which total 13 are,

Titanium White
Pthalo Green
Pthalo Blue
Prussian Blue
Midnight Black
Dark Sienna
Van Dyke Brown
Alizarin Crimson
Sap Green
Cadmium Yellow
Yellow Ochre
Indian Yellow
Bright Red

Of these colours some are semi transparent while others are opaque. The colours work well together and blend to make many many shades. The brushes used are 2” & 1” flat brushes, No3 & No5 Fan brushes, 1” & ½” Round Brush, No 6 Filbert Brush, 1” Oval Brush, 2” Blender Brush and script liner(rigger) Brush. I also use two Palette knives a No5 & a No10.


I have recently been experimenting with Pastels. After a couple of amateurish attempts I decided to take a couple of pastel courses with local pastel artist, Richard Turner, his constructive instruction has helped me a great deal. I am developing my style and love to use pastels for landscapes. As a novice I used Cansson paper but was disapointed with the efects. Having tried Pastelcard with Richard I found that this suited my heavy handed style better. I have found that I prefer to use Sennelier Pastelcard. This is a firm card that has a good tooth very similar to that of a glasspaper but not so harsh. It seems to pull the colour off of the pastel stick consistantly even and I have found it ideal for blending pastel colours together. I originally bought an inexpensive box of various coloured pastels and have now adapted and enlarged the collection with severall hard and soft colours to suit. I hope to continue to develop my pastel skills and intend to take a couple more courses in the future.